Probing the extended image volume

TitleProbing the extended image volume
Publication TypeConference
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsTristan van Leeuwen, Felix J. Herrmann
Conference NameSEG Technical Program Expanded Abstracts
KeywordsImaging, SEG

The prestack image volume can be defined as a cross- correlation of the source and receivers wavefields for non-zero space and time lags. If the background velocity is kinemati- cally acceptable, this image volume will have its main contributions at zero lag, even for complex models. Thus, it is an ideal tool for wave-equation migration velocity analysis in the presence of strong lateral heterogeneity. In particular, it allows us to pose migration velocity analysis as a PDE-constrained optimization problem, where the goal is to minimize the energy in the image volume at non-zero lag subject to fitting the data approximately. However, it is computationally infeasi- ble to explicitly form the whole image volume. In this paper, we discuss several ways to reduce the computational costs involved in computing the image volume and evaluating the focusing criterion. We reduce the costs for calculating the data by randomized source synthesis. We also present an efficient way to subsample the image volume. Finally, we propose an alternative optimization criterion and suggest a multiscale inversion strategy for wave-equation MVA.

Citation Keyvanleeuwen2011SEGext