A model based data driven dictionary learning for seismic data representation

TitleA model based data driven dictionary learning for seismic data representation
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsCan Evren Yarman, Rajiv Kumar, James Rickett
JournalGeophysical Prospecting
Keywordsdictionary learning, kernel method, nonlinear optimization, reproducing kernel, variable projection, variational method

Planar waves events recorded in a seismic array can be represented as lines in the Fourier domain. However, in the real-world seismic events usually have curvature or amplitude variability that means their Fourier transforms are no longer strictly linear, but rather occupy conic regions of the Fourier domain that are narrow at low frequencies, but broaden at high frequencies where the effect of curvature becomes more pronounced. One can consider these regions as localised "signal cones". In this work, we consider a space-time variable signal cone to model the seismic data. The variability of the signal cone is obtained through scaling, slanting and translation of the kernel for cone-limited (C-limited) functions (functions whose Fourier transform lives within a cone) or C-Gaussian function (a multivariate function whose Fourier transform decays exponentially with respect to slowness and frequency) which constitutes our dictionary. We find a discrete number of scaling, slanting and translation parameters from a continuum by optimally matching the data. This is a nonlinear optimization problem which we address by a fixed point method which utilizes a variable projection method with e1 constraints on the linear parameters and bound constraints on the nonlinear parameters. We observe that slow decay and oscillatory behavior of the kernel for C-limited functions constitute bottlenecks for the optimization problem which we partially overcome by the C-Gaussian function. We demonstrate our method through an interpolation example. We present the interpolation result using the estimated parameters obtained from the proposed method and compare it with those obtained using sparsity promoting curvelet decomposition, matching pursuit Fourier interpolation and sparsity promoting plane wave decomposition methods.


(published online in Geophysical Prospecting)

Citation Keyyarman2017GPmbd